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Blessed Cardinal John Henry Newman Print E-mail

September 22, 2010 | The Long Island Catholic Vol. 49, No. 22 | BISHOP WILLIAM MURPHY

The first of Cardinal Newman’s writings I remember reading was “A Second Spring,” his famous oration at the restoration of the British hierarchy in 1850. I guess that, from then on, I was ‘hooked’. Certainly during my years at the seminary Newman became one of my constant companions and serious study of his theological treatises, such as “Grammar of Assent,” part of my formation. While Ian Ker and others have written very fine, more recent biographies of Newman, I still treasure my two volume biography published by Meriol Trevor in 1963. Six years later when I was teaching theology at Emmanuel College in Boston, the librarian, Sister Clare Frances SND, called me one day into her office to give me a set of the thirty volumes of the “Opera Omnia” of Cardinal Newman which have accompanied me to every place I have moved and regularly uplifted me in every place I have lived. So this past Sunday when one of my cherished hopes came true, I rejoiced with the whole Church to watch Pope Benedict XVI declare him Blessed and I decided I should dedicate this column to one of the most extraordinary figures of modern Catholicism and one of the most profound contributors to deepen our understanding of our faith. However, once I heard and then read the Holy Father’s homily, I was convinced the best I could offer you was better done by him. So this column invites you to read portions of the Holy Father’s reflection on the new Blessed as he himself raised the name of Cardinal John Henry Newman to the altars of Christ’s Church.


Dear Brothers and Sisters in Christ,

This day that has brought us together here in Birmingham is a most auspicious one. In the first place, it is the Lord’s day, Sunday, the day when our Lord Jesus Christ rose from the dead and changed the course of human history for ever. It is the day that sees Cardinal John Henry Newman formally raised to the altars and declared Blessed.

England has a long tradition of martyr saints, whose courageous witness has sustained and inspired the Catholic community here for centuries. Yet it is right and fitting that we should recognize today the holiness of a confessor, a son of this nation who, while not called to shed his blood for the Lord, nevertheless bore eloquent witness to him in the course of a long life devoted to the priestly ministry, and especially to preaching, teaching, and writing.

 

Cardinal Newman’s motto, Cor ad cor loquitur, or “Heart speaks unto heart,” gives us an insight into his understanding of the Christian life as a call to holiness, experienced as the profound desire of the human heart to enter into intimate communion with the Heart of God. He reminds us that faithfulness to prayer gradually transforms us into the divine likeness. As he wrote in one of his many fine sermons, “a habit of prayer, the practice of turning to God and the unseen world in every season, in every place, in every emergency — prayer, I say, has what may be called a natural effect in spiritualizing and elevating the soul. A man is no longer what he was before; gradually … he has imbibed a new set of ideas, and become imbued with fresh principles” (Parochial and Plain Sermons, iv, 230-231). Today’s Gospel tells us that no one can be the servant of two masters (cf. Lk 16:13), and Blessed John Henry’s teaching on prayer explains how the faithful Christian is definitively taken into the service of the one true Master, who alone has a claim to our unconditional devotion (cf. Mt 23:10). Newman helps us to understand what this means for our daily lives: he tells us that our divine Master has assigned a specific task to each one of us, a “definite service,” committed uniquely to every single person: “I have my mission,” he wrote, “I am a link in a chain, a bond of connection between persons. He has not created me for naught. I shall do good, I shall do His work; I shall be an angel of peace, a preacher of truth in my own place … if I do but keep His commandments and serve Him in my calling” (“Meditations and Devotions, 301-2”).

 

The definite service to which Blessed John Henry was called involved applying his keen intellect and his prolific pen to many of the most pressing “subjects of the day.” His insights into the relationship between faith and reason, into the vital place of revealed religion in civilized society, and into the need for a broadly-based and wide-ranging approach to education were not only of profound importance for Victorian England, but continue today to inspire and enlighten many all over the world. I would like to pay particular tribute to his vision for education, which has done so much to shape the ethos that is the driving force behind Catholic schools and colleges today. Firmly opposed to any reductive or utilitarian approach, he sought to achieve an educational environment in which intellectual training, moral discipline and religious commitment would come together…What better goal could teachers of religion set themselves than Blessed John Henry’s famous appeal for an intelligent, well-instructed laity: “I want a laity, not arrogant, not rash in speech, not disputatious, but men who know their religion, who enter into it, who know just where they stand, who know what they hold and what they do not, who know their creed so well that they can give an account of it, who know so much of history that they can defend it” (The Present Position of Catholics in England, ix, 390).

While it is John Henry Newman’s intellectual legacy that has understandably received most attention in the vast literature devoted to his life and work, I prefer on this occasion to conclude with a brief reflection on his life as a priest, a pastor of souls. The warmth and humanity underlying his appreciation of the pastoral ministry is beautifully expressed in another of his famous sermons: “Had angels been your priests, my brethren, they could not have condoled with you, sympathized with you, have had compassion on you, felt tenderly for you, and made allowances for you, as we can; they could not have been your patterns and guides, and have led you on from your old selves into a new life, as they can who come from the midst of you” (“Men, not Angels: the Priests of the Gospel,” Discourses to Mixed Congregations, 3). He lived out that profoundly human vision of priestly ministry in his devoted care for the people of Birmingham during the years that he spent at the Oratory he founded, visiting the sick and the poor, comforting the bereaved, caring for those in prison. No wonder that on his death so many thousands of people lined the local streets as his body was taken to its place of burial not half a mile from here. One hundred and twenty years later, great crowds have assembled once again to rejoice in the Church’s solemn recognition of the outstanding holiness of this much-loved father of souls. What better way to express the joy of this moment than by turning to our heavenly Father in heartfelt thanksgiving, praying in the words that Blessed John Henry Newman placed on the lips of the choirs of angels in heaven:

“Praise to the Holiest in the height
And in the depth be praise;
In all his words most wonderful,
Most sure in all his ways!”
(The Dream of Gerontius).

Blessed Cardinal John Henry Newman, pray for us.

See related story on Long Island campus ministry’s day of prayer in honor of Blessed Newman.

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